Skip to Main Content
Sign In
Toggle Navigation

Open the Navigation Management window, which can be used to view the full current branch of the menu tree, and edit it.

  • Instagram
  • Facebook

MITRA Forum Question Details

Image Picker for Section 0


  • Regarding Best Ratio for using Zinc White/Titanium White CombinationApproveRejectUn-ApproveSubscribeUn-Unsubscribe
    Question asked 2019-04-16 15:06:51 ... Most recent comment 2019-04-19 15:48:58
    Oil Paint

    Several authors have recommended using a combination of Zinc White and Titanium White for use in landscape paintings especially for imagery of clouds; ratios of varying amounts including one part Titanium to 3 parts Zinc White. Book sources ranged from 1974 up to the present and written by established painters.

    I have personally used one product that offers a premade mixture of the two whites. However, I would greatly like to learn of using various ratios of Zinc White combined with Titanium White to achieve sky and tinting effects in landscape paintings along with the potential risk of Zinc White having a possible long term change.

    Your ideas and suggestions are appreciated.


    Patrick McGuire

    Tucson, AZ

Answers and Comments

  • EditDeleteModerator Answer

    ​This is not a direct answer to your question, but it is important for you to consider the issues regarding the use of zinc oxide (zinc white) in oil painting. Here are some articles explainging the issues:

    Zinc White: Problems in Oil Paint

    Zinc Oxide – Reviewing the Research

    Zinc Oxide: Warnings, Cautions, and Best Practices

    Zinc Oxide: FAQ

    George O'Hanlon
    2019-04-16 15:19:38
  • EditDeleteModerator Answer

    ​We would echo George O'Hanlon's comments and add that currently there is no established and verified safe level of zinc. In controlled tests, even a 3% level created very brittle films that were prone to cracking and delamination. Whether even lower levels, in the 1-2% range, will prove safer is an open question. However, at all of these lower levels, you are not going to see much impact on the transparency of the titanium white, or its color, which are often the properties being sought. At best you might have less yellowing. Ultimately the best white to use in painting, in terms of durability and permanency, remains lead white for a host of reasons that you can read about elsewhere.

    Sarah Sands, Senior Technical Specialist, Golden Artist Colors
    2019-04-16 16:32:56
  • ApproveRejectUn-ApproveUser Comment

    Hi Sarah and George,


    Thank you for the great links related to Zinc White question. I have read them all and have dutifully placed my Zinc White into a hiatus.

    I do have two quick follow up questions relating to Sarah's mention of using Lead White.

    First, is there any major difference in using some of the newer synthetic Lead White oils versus the more expensively  made Lead Whites? Flake White?

    Also, do you have several direct links that provide information on mixing Titanium White with Lead White and the benefits of using just Lead White?

    An advance Thank You!

    Patrick McGuire

    2019-04-19 15:48:58

Page Settings and MetaData:
(Not Shown on the Page)
Page Settings
MetaData for Search Engine Optimization
MITRA Forum Question Details
This page cannot be accessed until you accept the Terms of Use, which can be found here.
Please note that this Terms of Use system uses cookies. If you have cookies disabled you will not be able to accept the agreement. If you delete our cookies you will need to re-accept the Terms of Use.
  • The Department of Art Conservation
  • 303 Old College
  • University of Delaware
  • Newark, DE 19716, USA
  • Phone: 302-831-3489