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Question asked 2018-07-25 14:10:49 ...
Most recent comment 2018-07-27 15:11:12
Solvents and Thinners
I work only with air dried woods that I have harvested for their unique figured grain characteristic. These woods will always move with changes in humidity., unlike kiln dried lumber whose moisture content has been reduced to 6%. I am no pleased with modern commercial synthetic varnishes that have a plastic look. I have read much on the subject of classical oil and alcohol varnishes utilizing tree resin. I don’t want to move forward without some advise from persons with experience in making such varnishes. Given that each resin has different acid resin constituents and percentages developing a receipt by trial and error could be a life long expensive process. I have purchased a wide assortment of gums and resin based upon my readings but I am not applying this custom finish to canvas.
Answers and Comments
To be honest, I am not sure what you are asking here. Are you looking for a
recommendation for an alcohol soluble natural resin varnish or an oleoresinous
varnish? More importantly, is it for woodwork or for a painted work of art? This
may seem a spurious distinction but the slight yellowing of a woodwork surface
coating may or may not be considered offensive, while it is generally best
avoided in pictorial surface coatings. More importantly, reversibility of said
coating is vastly different if applied over a wood surface as compared to a
fragile pigmented surface. I am sure that my furniture conservation colleagues
will be able to find numerous examples that defy my oversimplified dichotomy above;
the point is still generally valid.
Alcohol varnishes are fine for some media, like
aqueous works, but very problematic for oil paintings, etc. Is it an
oil varnish you desire. If so I hope it is for wood as we cannot recommend such
varnishes as surface coatings for pictorial works. The types of resins you
describe can seem very romantic; especially if they have a seemingly long
history of use (even this can be misleading. Many believe that Dammar was used
by the Old Masters, but there is no mention of it before the 19th century).
In short, we need a bit more information before we can really comment in a
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