This is a question that could take days to answer :) But that being said we will do our best to reach out to a handful of Caravaggio experts who specialize in technical art history. In the meantime I highly recommend Larry Keith's article (available for free) on the paintings at the National Gallery in London....in your instance based on the link you sent I would pay more attention to the last two entries as these are more fully painted as opposed to the first painting that Keith discusses in the article but honestly the entire article is worth reading. The second article by Pheobe Dent Weil is also pretty decent. I am also attaching a list of other books that are amazing references but some are in Italian...however the 2015 text is amazing and to my knowledge one of the most comprehensive texts to date regrading Caravaggio's materials and technique.
"Three paintings by Caravaggio," by Larry Keith, National Gallery of Art Technical Bulletin 19, 37-51. https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/upload/pdf/keith1998b.pdf
"Technical Art History and Archeometry II: An Exploration of Caravaggio's Painting Techniques," by Pheobe Dent Weil, Revista Brasileira de Arqueometria, Restauração e Conservação. Vol.1, No.3, pp. 106 – 110. http://www.restaurabr.org/arc/arc03pdf/07_PhoebeDent.pdf
Caravaggio's Painting Technique: Proceedings of the CHARISMA Workshop, edited by Marco Ciatti and Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti (Nardini Editore, 2012).
Caravaggio: La Reurrezione di Lazzaro, edited by Dalia Radeglia (Palombi Editori, 2012).
Caravaggio: La Cappella Contarelli, edited by Marco Cardinali and Maria Beatrice de Ruggieri (Rome: Munus – L'Erma, di Bretschneider, 2011).
Caravaggio. Opere a Roma. Tecnica e Stile. Saggi. Works in Rome. Technique and Style, edited by Marco Cardinali, Maria Beatrice de Ruggieri, Rossella Vodret, and Giulia Silvia Ghia (Cinisello Balsamo, 2016).
"Caravaggio's underdrawing: a "Quest for the Grail"?" by Roberto Bellucci, Cecilia Frosinini, and Luca Pezzati. In Book. Studying old master paintings: technology and practice: the National Gallery Technical Bulletin 30th anniversary conference postprints. Spring, Marika (Editor). Archetype Publications Ltd., London, United Kingdom (2011) pp. 118-124.